Taiwan Dog

The Taiwan Dog is an ancient breed originating from the island of Taiwan, bred as a hunting and guard dog. Among their most distinctive physical characteristics are their triangular head, thin, erect ears and dark almond-shaped eyes. In addition to their physical appearance, they are known for their loyalty and strong protective instincts.

General details

The breed has a medium size and a balanced structure. Males can weigh between 14 and 18 kg, while females range between 12 and 16 kg. The height in males is between 48 and 53 cm and in females between 43 and 48 cm. Their life expectancy is 9 to 13 years. The Smooth-coated retriever belongs to FCI Group 5, which includes Spitz and primitive type dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Taiwan Dog, also known as the Formosan Mountain Dog, is an ancient breed that has existed on the island of Taiwan for thousands of years. It is believed to be descended from the South Asian hunting dogs known as the "Pariah Dog". Originally, the Taiwan Dog was bred as a hunting dog and as a guard dog for homes and villages, although Chinese immigrants also used them to work on sugar cane plantations. Their popularity declined in the mid-20th century as a result of the introduction of new breeds to the island, however, some breeders persevered in their preservation. Today, the Taiwan Dog remains a popular watchdog and loving companion, and its recognition extends far beyond its native region.

Breed characteristics

The Taiwan Dog is a breed with a robust and muscular build. The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle and the head is triangular. Its eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped and dark brown in color, while its ears are erect and slightly tilted forward, giving the dog an alert expression. The tail is high set, sickle-shaped and carried erect. The breed has a short, compact and resistant coat, which can be of various colors, such as black, brindle, white, black and white, and white and brindle. Dogs of this breed are highly loyal, intelligent and independent, and can establish close bonds with their owners, showing affection and closeness to them. They are also courageous and fearless, and possess a strong protective instinct, which makes them excellent companions and guardians for experienced owners willing to provide them with proper training and socialization.

Common health problems

Information on the most common diseases in the Taiwan Dog breed is very limited; it is not known to be prone to specific health problems. Even so, it is likely to be predisposed to some of the most common disorders in dogs such as hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy and glaucoma.

Do you still not know the true nature of your dog?

Unlock the secrets of your pet's DNA with our two ranges.


Breeds + Physical traits


Health + Breeds + Physical traits

Get a 10% discount when you buy two or more kits from the same range.