The Lapphund is a versatile dog, easy to train and full of stamina, suitable for tasks such as herding, tracking and reindeer work. This Spitz dog is slightly smaller than average in size.
The breed has a small to medium size, with a height ranging from 41 to 51 centimeters, and a weight ranging from 14 to 20 kilograms. The life expectancy of the Lapphund is 12 to 14 years. The breed belongs to Group 5 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes Spitz-type and primitive-type dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Lapphund has an ancient history in the Nordic areas. Native to the Lapland region, it was used by the Lapps for reindeer herding, hunting and as a guard dog. Its versatility and adaptability allowed it to play multiple roles in the life of the Lapps. Over time, the Lapphund found a new purpose as a companion dog due to its affectionate and friendly nature. Today, it continues to be appreciated both in the Nordic areas and in other countries. Its close relationship with humans over the centuries reflects its importance in Lapp life and its value as a companion dog today.
The Lapphund is a slightly undersized Spitz dog with a proud stance and a high tail that curls over its back in motion. Its expressive eyes, preferably dark brown, are set wide apart and almost horizontal, while the triangular, erect ears are mobile.
The coat is double-coated, smooth and fine on the body, and with a finely curled texture on the undercoat. On the neck and throat, the hair forms a distinctive ruff. The most common color is solid black, although brown is also typical. White on the chest, feet and tip of the tail is permissible.
The Lapphund is an energetic and hard-working dog, with a friendly and affectionate attitude towards people. Its receptive disposition, intelligence and versatility allow it to excel in diverse activities, being a reliable dog and willing to participate in different disciplines. Its easy training, endurance and balanced character make this breed a popular choice both as a life companion and in more specific roles, such as shepherd dog or in obedience and agility competitions.
Common health problems
The Lapphund, with optimal care and attention, can enjoy a long healthy life, although it is predisposed to certain health problems. Among the most common diseases or disorders are cardiomyopathy, distichiasis, cataract, entropion and retinal dysplasia.
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