Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu is a small dog breed of Chinese origin. Its abundant coat, sweet expression and affectionate personality make it a popular pet.

General details

The Shih Tzu is a small dog breed with an average weight ranging from 4 to 7.2 kilograms. Its height at the withers generally varies between 20 and 28 centimeters. As for their life expectancy, it is around 10 to 16 years. They belong to Group 9 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups companion dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Shih Tzu is an ancient breed of dog that originated in China, specifically in the 17th century during the Ming dynasty. It was bred and prized by the Chinese nobility, including the imperial court. Its lineage can be traced back to Tibetan dogs such as the Lhasa Apso and the Pekingese. During the Qing dynasty, some dogs were brought to China and bred in the Imperial Palace, which contributed to its popularity. Throughout the centuries, the Shih Tzu maintained its status as a companion dog and symbol of royalty. During the Chinese Revolution and the Japanese occupation, the breed was in danger of extinction, but thanks to the efforts of breeders and enthusiasts, it was preserved.

Breed characteristics

The eyes of the Shih Tzu are large and dark, and are separated by a short, broad nose. Their ears are droopy and covered with abundant fur. Its coat is long and silky, requiring regular care to avoid tangles and maintain its characteristic appearance. Coat colors can vary, including white, black, gold, golden, fawn, gray and combinations of these colors. The Shih Tzu's temperament combines intelligence, energy, friendliness and independence. These qualities make this breed a pleasant and cheerful companion, able to adapt to different environments and lifestyles.

Common health problems

The Shih Tzu breed is characterized by good health. However, they are prone to develop certain disorders or pathologies such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, degenerative disc disease.

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