The Seskar is a breed of Spitz-type dog native to the Baltic Sea. It is known for its ability to hunt seals and its adaptation to coastal terrain. They are brave, intelligent and energetic dogs, ideal as working companions.
The breed has a medium size, weighing between 14 and 20 kilograms, and a height that varies between 43 and 53 centimeters. Its life expectancy is 13 to 15 years. The breed is not recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
Breed history in brief
The Seskar breed is a Spitz-type dog used for seal hunting. Its fascinating history dates back to the Stone Age. These dogs were known in the Baltic Sea region and were especially common in areas such as Saaristomeri, Suomenlahti, Ahvenanmaa and parts of the Gulf of Bothnia in Finland. However, as technological advances reduced the demand for seal hunting, the breed gradually declined in numbers.
Today, although no longer actively used for their original purpose, the Seskar's historical significance and contribution to the Baltic Sea region are a testament to their remarkable abilities and their link to the human communities that depended on them.
The Seskar has a head proportional to the body, with a moderately long muzzle. The ears may be erect or semi-upright, typical of the Spitz breeds. As for the tail, it may be set high and carried curled or carried over the back when the dog is in action.
The breed's coat is short, water resistant and dark in color, such as black, gray or brown.
The Seskar is a brave and persevering breed of dog, capable of facing the challenges and inclemencies of the maritime environment. It is an intelligent, alert dog and possesses tracking and searching skills developed to locate and track seals.
Common health problems
Information on the most common diseases in the Seskar breed is limited. Even so, it is likely to be predisposed to some of the most common disorders in dogs such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma and allergies.
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