The Samoyed is a breed of dog known for its white coat, originally from Siberia, which has historically been used by Samoyed nomads to herd reindeer and pull sleds.
Males generally weigh between 20 and 30 kilograms, while females usually weigh between 16 and 20 kilograms. In terms of height, males measure around 53-60 centimeters at the withers, while females measure around 48-53 centimeters. Their life expectancy is 12 to 14 years and they belong to Group 5 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups Spitz and primitive type dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Samoyed is an ancient breed of dog originating from the Arctic region, specifically the Yamal peninsula in Siberia. For centuries, these dogs have been bred and used by the Samoyed people for a variety of tasks, including reindeer herding, sled pulling and household companionship.
Throughout history, the Samoyed has been an invaluable part of Samoyed nomadic life. These dogs were essential to their survival in the harsh Arctic climate, as they were able to withstand extreme temperatures and work long distances. Over time, Samoyeds were introduced to other parts of the world and began to gain popularity as companion and show dogs.
The body of the Samoyed breed is strong and sturdy. Its facial expression is known as the "Samoyed smile" due to the shape and position of the eyes combined with a slightly upward curved mouth. The head is wedge-shaped and the eyes are dark brown and almond-shaped. Their ears are erect, triangular and relatively small.
They have a double coat: a soft, dense undercoat to keep them warm in cold weather, and a rough, water-resistant outer coat. Their coat is white or cream, and is abundant and fluffy, which gives them a distinctive appearance and helps protect them from the cold.
In addition to their appearance, Samoyeds are also characterized by their friendly, affectionate and energetic personality. They are very sociable dogs and love to be close to their owners and be part of the family. The hunting instinct of this breed is minimal and they also cannot be used as a guard dog.
Common health problems
The Samoyed, with optimal care and attention, can enjoy a long healthy life, although it is predisposed to certain health problems. Among the most common diseases or disorders are hip dysplasia, retinal dysplasia, cataracts and hypothyroidism.
In addition to the aforementioned conditions, the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) of OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) recommends a cardiac and ocular evaluation exam, as well as a test to assess progressive retinal atrophy.
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