The Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a dog originally from Russia, with a small size and a long, curly coat. It is known for its balanced temperament, being friendly, intelligent and social.
The average weight of the Tsvetnaya Bolonka is between 2 and 5 kilograms. In terms of height, they usually measure between 18 and 28 centimeters at the withers. In terms of life expectancy, this breed lives about 12 to 15 years. They are not recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
Breed history in brief
The Tsvetnaya Bolonka has a history dating back to the 18th century, when Maltese-type dogs were given as gifts to the Russian nobility. Subsequently, more dogs came to Russia with Napoleon's army, known as French Bolonka. For decades, Russia did not breed toy breeds due to its focus on working dogs, but in the 1960s, restrictions were eased and Bolonki were developed by selecting from existing breeds. After the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1991, the breed experienced renewed interest and its standard was confirmed in 1997. Today, Tsvetnaya Bolonka are gaining popularity as companion dogs of the 21st century.
The Tsvetnaya Bolonka breed is characterized by a sweet, alert and intelligent expression. Their eyes are dark brown, medium sized and round. The ears are of moderate size, "V" shaped and carried low, although they are raised in an alert position at the base. The tail is of medium length, set at moderate height and curved over the back so that the tip comes close to the back.
The coat of the breed is long, dense and soft, forming large curls or being very wavy. The head has a well-developed beard and mustache. The coat includes a wide variety of colorations, although according to the standard set by the American Kennel Club (AKC), solid white, multi-colored or merle are not allowed.
The Tsvetnaya Bolonka is an even-tempered, intelligent and friendly dog. They are known to be loyal and affectionate companions, and get along well with people of all ages, including children and other pets. They are sociable dogs that enjoy human companionship and seek to please their owners. They are also easily trainable and adaptable.
Common health problems
The OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends a cardiac and ocular screening examination, as well as a series of tests to assess for progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia and patellar luxation.
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