Russian Toy

The Russian Small Dog is a small and elegant dog breed. The breed has two varieties of coat: short and long, with different colors. In terms of temperament, it is a cheerful and curious breed.

General details

The breed has a small size and elegant appearance. The weight of the breed is up to 3 kilograms and the height varies between 20 and 28 centimeters. Its life expectancy is 12 to 14 years. The Russian Small Dog belongs to Group 9 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes companion dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Russian Small Dog breed has its origins in the early 20th century in Russia. For a time, interest in breeding pure Toy Terriers declined dramatically, but in the 1950s, Russian breeders initiated a revival of the breed. Although many of the dogs used in that process were not pedigreed, a new standard was successfully established that differed from the English Toy Terrier. A new breed was created that, to this day, has two coat varieties: short and long. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the Russian Small Dog has become a recognized and valued breed both in Russia and elsewhere in the world.

Breed characteristics

The Russian Small Dog is a dog of harmonious general appearance. The head is small in relation to the body, slightly wedge-shaped. The eyes are large, round and dark in color. The ears are large, thin, high set and erect, forming a high triangle. The tail is of medium length, sickle or saber shaped. The breed has two varieties of coat: short and long. The short coat is short, compact, glossy and without undercoat. On the other hand, the long coat covers the body and neck with moderately long hair, which can be straight or slightly wavy. As for color, the Little Russian Dog can be presented in various combinations, such as black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan, lilac and tan, among others. The Russian Small Dog is an active and very cheerful dog. Despite its small size, it is not cowardly or aggressive, and instead, it is brave and self-confident. It is curious by nature and is known for its devotion to its owner, showing deep loyalty and affection towards him. In addition, the Russian Small Dog is an intelligent dog and willing to learn.

Common health problems

The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) of OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) recommends a cardiac evaluation exam and an ophthalmologic exam (minimum age 12 months), as well as a test to assess patellar luxation.

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