Rat Terrier

The American Mouse Terrier is a small, energetic breed of dog originating in the United States that is noted for its agility and ability to hunt rodents.

General details

According to FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) standards, its ideal weight is between 3.6 and 7.3 kilograms. Regarding its height, it is around 20 to 28 centimeters at the withers. This breed belongs to Group 3 of the FCI, which groups Terriers. As for its life expectancy, it generally ranges between 12 and 15 years.

Breed history in brief

The American Mouse Terrier, also known as "Rat Terrier", has its origins in the United States. This breed was developed in the 19th century from crosses between various European terriers and local American breeds. Its main purpose was to control pests, especially mice and rats on farms and in homes. Throughout history, the American Mouse Terrier has played a crucial role in crop and property protection, keeping pests at bay and proving its worth as a working dog. Today, the American Mouse Terrier has gained popularity as a companion dog.

Breed characteristics

The Ratoner Terrier is a small to medium sized breed, characterized by its well developed musculature. Its head is broad and has a distinctive wedge shape. The eyes of the Ratoner Terrier are round, small in size and usually have shades ranging from dark brown to amber. The ears are "V" shaped and can be erect or semi-erect (button ears). The coat is short and dense, with a soft texture to the touch. Although most have a smooth coat, there are also specimens with long coats. The most common colors are white, black, brown and chocolate. There are also dogs with spots or markings in color combinations such as black and white, white and brown, tricolor and brindle. Mouse Terriers are very active and need regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy. They are curious and intelligent dogs, which makes them easy to train. They have a good relationship with children and other pets and enjoy human companionship.

Common health problems

Some of the most frequently observed diseases in this breed include patellar luxation, deafness, cataract and corneal dystrophy. In addition to the aforementioned conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends a cardiac and eye screening exam (annually up to age 8 years), as well as a series of tests to assess for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, primary lens luxation, hip and elbow dysplasia.

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