The Pumi is a medium-sized dog breed originating in Hungary. It is known for its distinctive appearance and dense, curly coat. It is a versatile working dog, traditionally used as a sheep herder.

General details

It is a breed of dog whose average weight ranges between 8 and 15 kilograms, and its height is approximately 35 to 45 centimeters at the withers. It belongs to Group 1 (Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs, except Swiss Cattle Dogs) of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). It is estimated that Pumis usually live between 12 and 14 years.

Breed history in brief

The Pumi is a shepherd dog breed originating in Hungary. Its history dates back several centuries, and it is believed to be descended from Asian shepherd dogs that arrived in the region during village migrations. Over the years, Hungarian breeders have selected and bred these dogs to adapt to the harsh conditions of herding in the hills and mountains of Hungary. The Pumi has played an important role as a herding dog in Hungarian agriculture, helping herders to gather, move and protect livestock. Its agility, intelligence and ability to work in different terrains make it a highly valued dog in the farming community.

Breed characteristics

The Pumi breed is of medium size, with a square body structure. The facial region is elongated and the neck carriage is higher than usual. Its eyes are oval, slanted and dark brown, with an intelligent and cheerful expression. The ears are erect and have an inverted "V" shape. The Pumi's coat is one of its most distinctive characteristics. It has a rough, curly outer coat, which forms small tufts called "cords". These cords form naturally as the dog grows and its coat develops. The coat is weather resistant and provides protection from the weather and elements. The most common colors are gray, black, white and beige. The temperament of the Pumi is defined by its vitality, its wariness of strangers and its odeciency. It is an energetic, active and lively dog that seeks to participate in various activities and is always ready to face new challenges.

Common health problems

Some of the diseases that have been reported in the Pumi breed include hip dysplasia, Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts, dyskiasis, patellar luxation and dermatological diseases.

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