The Puli is a breed of dog originating in Hungary and is noted for its ability as a sheepdog and its distinctive curly coat. In addition, they are affectionate dogs with great learning ability.
Males have an average weight of 13 to 15 kg, while females usually weigh between 10 and 13 kg. In terms of height, males measure around 41 to 47 cm and females have a height of approximately 36 to 42 cm. They can live between 12 and 14 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the breed belongs to Group 1, which includes shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
Breed history in brief
The Puli is an ancient breed of shepherd dog originating in Hungary. Its history goes back several centuries, where it was used by Hungarian shepherds to guard and guide livestock. Its exact origin is uncertain, but it is believed to be descended from Asian sheepdogs that were brought to Hungary by nomadic tribes.
Over the years, the Puli has been noted for its ability to work in difficult conditions and mountainous terrain. In addition to its role as a herding dog, the Puli was also used to alert herders to the presence of intruders. Over time, the Puli has earned a special place in Hungarian culture and is considered a symbol of national identity. Today, although its main function remains that of a herding dog, it is also appreciated as a pet and family companion.
The Puli is a medium-sized dog breed with a unique appearance. Its structure is square and its head is round. The eyes are dark brown, with an intelligent and friendly expression, and the ears hang down and end in a V-shape. The tail curls forward over the back.
Their most distinctive feature is their dense, curly coat, which forms natural cords or ropes. This type of coat provides protection against adverse weather and helps to resist dirt and tangles. Its color can vary and several shades are given, including black, white, gray, fawn and cinnamon.
The Puli is a breed with a loving and affectionate temperament. It is known for its exceptional learning ability, its great affinity with children and its loyalty. This breed also excels as an excellent guard dog, showing a strong willingness to protect its family and home.
Common health problems
Some of the more common conditions that can affect this breed include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, degenerative myelopathy, cataracts, demodicosis, entropion, encephalitis, atopic dermatitis, hypothyroidism and epilepsy.
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