Presa Canario

The Presa Canario is a dog breed of large size and impressive musculature. It is known for its self-confidence and protective nature, making it an excellent watchdog and faithful companion.

General details

The breed is of medium size, with a weight ranging from 38 to 50 kilograms and a height varying between 55 and 66 centimeters. The life expectancy of the breed is 9 to 11 years. The Presa Canario belongs to Group 2 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molossoids, mountain type dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Presa Canario is an ancient breed of dog native to the Canary Islands, Spain. It is believed to be descended from the molossers of antiquity and has been used for centuries as a working dog and livestock guardian. Presa Canarios were especially prized for their courage, endurance and abilities to protect and control livestock. During its history, this breed was also used for hunting large animals, such as wild boars and wild cattle. Today, it is valued as a loyal, protective and balanced dog, which can perform working and companion roles with great efficiency.

Breed characteristics

The Presa Canario is a breed of dog of large size and powerful musculature. Its head is massive and square, with strong cheeks and powerful jaws. Its ears are drooping and can be cropped (in this case they will become erect) or left natural. The eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped and generally dark. The tail is thick at the base and tapers towards the tip. The coat is short, rough and smooth, which does not require excessive care. In terms of coloration, various shades from fawn to sand, or from dark brown to light gray are acceptable. They may have a black mask. The Presa Canario is self-confident and alert. It is a territorial and protective dog, which makes it an excellent guard dog. Despite its imposing appearance, it is known to be docile, affectionate and devoted to its family. It requires early socialization and proper training to be a balanced and well-behaved dog.

Common health problems

The Presa Canario, with optimal care and attention, can enjoy a long healthy life, although it shows a predisposition to suffer certain health problems. Among the most common diseases or disorders are cystinuria, epilepsy, cataracts, corneal dystrophy, cutaneous asthenia, hypothyroidism, lens luxation, persistent pupillary membrane, progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia.

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