The Portuguese Water Dog is a breed of dog of Portuguese origin known for its ability in the water and its distinctive curly coat. It is a medium to large sized dog and has historically been used as a working dog in fishing and as a helper in aquatic tasks.
Males usually weigh 19 to 25 kg, while females weigh around 16 to 22 kg. In terms of height, males measure approximately 52 to 57 cm, and females have a height of about 43 to 52 cm. Their life expectancy is between 10 and 14 years. The Portuguese Water Dog belongs to Group 8 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes retrievers, hunting hounds and water dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Portuguese Water Dog is an ancient breed originating in Portugal. It is believed to be descended from dogs brought by nomadic peoples who settled in the Iberian Peninsula thousands of years ago. These dogs were used for a variety of tasks, such as fishing, retrieving objects and herding flocks. They also excelled as companion dogs and guardians of boats and property.
In the 20th century, the breed was on the verge of extinction due to changes in the fishing industry and its declining relevance in society. However, thanks to the efforts of breeders and lovers of the breed, its recovery was achieved and today it enjoys popularity as both a working and companion dog throughout the world.
The Portuguese Water Dog is a mesomorphic and well proportioned dog. Its eyes are medium sized, round in shape and dark in color, and the ears are heart-shaped and hang close to the head. The tail is thick at the base and tapers as it reaches the tip, and when the dog is alert, the tail takes on a circular shape.
Their coat is dense, curly and water resistant, allowing them to swim and work in aquatic conditions. They come in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, brown, gray and mixtures of these shades.
They have a friendly, intelligent and energetic personality. They are very adaptable dogs and get along well with people of all ages, including children and other pets.
Common health problems
Some of the diseases that can affect this breed include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, eye diseases such as cataracts and retinal dysplasia, endocrine diseases such as hypothyroidism and autoimmune diseases. A predisposition to polycystic kidney disease and Addison's disease has also been noted.
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