The Pomeranian is a small dog breed originating in Central Europe and characterized by its abundant fur and fox-like appearance. It is a variety of the German Spitz dog breed.

General details

It is a breed of small dogs, with an average weight ranging between 1.8 and 3.5 kilograms. In terms of height, they usually measure around 15 to 28 centimeters at the withers. Their life expectancy is estimated between 12 and 16 years on average. According to the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale), the Pomeranian belongs to Group 5, which includes Spitz and primitive type dogs.

Breed history in brief

It is a small dog breed that originated in the Pomeranian region of Central Europe. It is descended from ancient Arctic sled dogs. Throughout history, these dogs were selectively bred to reduce their size and develop their distinctive dense, fluffy coat. During the 18th century, Queen Victoria of England fell in love with Pomeranians and popularized them in the society of the time. Her influence helped establish the breed as a fashionable and desirable companion dog. As their popularity grew, Pomeranians began to be exhibited at dog shows and became a favorite of royalty and high society.

Breed characteristics

The Pomeranian is a small breed with square proportions. Its head is wedge-shaped and the face resembles that of a fox. Its dark eyes are almond-shaped and slightly slanted, and the tail is covered with rich fur and carried high on the back. The ears are small and pointed. The coat is double, with a dense, soft undercoat and a long, smooth, rough outer coat. Pomeranians come in a wide variety of colors, including white, black, orange, cream, brown, gray and more. They often have a darker facial mask and body markings. In addition to their distinctive appearance, Pomeranians are known for their lively, outgoing personalities. They are lively, playful and full of vitality. They are also intelligent dogs and very devoted and loyal to their families.

Common health problems

The following are some of the most common diseases that can affect this breed: patent ductus arteriosus, tracheal collapse, patellar luxation, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, entropion, cryptorchidism, hypothyroidism and hydrocephalus.

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