The Neapolitan Mastiff is an imposing and powerful molosser dog breed of Italian origin, known for its size and intimidating appearance.
The Neapolitan Mastiff is a large and robustly muscled dog breed. Males usually weigh between 60 and 70 kg, while females weigh approximately 50 to 60 kg. In terms of height, males measure around 65 to 75 cm at the withers, and females are slightly smaller, with an average height of 60 to 68 cm. The life expectancy of the Neapolitan Mastiff is estimated at 8 to 10 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the breed belongs to Group 2, which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molossers, mountain type dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Neapolitan Mastiff is an ancient breed of dog originating in Italy. It is believed to be descended from ancient war dogs used by the Romans. Its history dates back to the time of the gladiators, where they were used as guards and fighters in arena shows.
During the Middle Ages, Neapolitan Mastiffs were employed as guardians of castles and estates. Their imposing size and fierce temperament made them excellent guard dogs. However, over time, their popularity declined and they were on the verge of extinction. Thanks to the efforts of passionate breeders, the breed was preserved and revitalized in the 20th century. In the 1940s, the Neapolitan Mastiff Club was founded in Italy to protect and promote the breed. Since then, their popularity has been increasing, and they are now found in many parts of the world.
Its appearance is imposing and powerful, with a large, wrinkled head, prominent cheeks and folds of skin on the face. The tail is thick and its length reaches the hock joint. The ears are medium to large, drooping and triangular, set on the sides of the head.
The Neapolitan Mastiff's coat is short and dense, with a rough texture and water resistant. Its color can vary, but the most common shades are steel gray, black, brown, brindle and fawn.
The temperament of the Neapolitan Mastiff is serious, reserved and protective. They are loyal and devoted to their family, but can also be wary of strangers. They make excellent guard dogs, as they are alert and courageous. Although they may appear intimidating, they are affectionate and loving to their loved ones. They require early socialization.
Common health problems
Some of the diseases that can affect the Neapolitan Mastiff are hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, entropion, ectropion, gastric torsion and hypothyroidism.
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