The Swedish Elkhound or Jämthund is a breed of dog of Swedish origin, traditionally used as a hunter of elk and other wild animals. It is a large, robust dog, with a wolf-like appearance and a thick, dense coat.
The Jämthund is a large dog breed, weighing between 30 and 45 kg and with a height at the withers of about 55 and 65 cm in males and 52 and 60 cm in females. Their average life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. This breed belongs to group 5 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), dedicated to the Spitz and primitive type dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Jämthund dog breed has its origins in Sweden, and is believed to be a direct descendant of the dogs used by Stone Age hunters and gatherers. Throughout history, the breed has been used primarily for big game hunting, especially elk hunting. Although the breed is relatively unknown outside Sweden, in its country of origin it is highly prized and valued for its ability as a hunting dog and its loyalty to its owner. Today, the breed is still primarily used for hunting, but is also becoming a popular choice as a companion dog.
The Jämthund is a large dog breed, with a robust and muscular appearance. Its head is large and broad, with a powerful jaw and erect triangular ears.
Its coat is dense and thick, with a soft undercoat and an outer coat of harsh, weather-resistant hair, in shades ranging from light gray through various shades of gray to black. It may also have white patches on the chest and legs.
The Jämthund is a dog of balanced and courageous temperament. It is a very loyal and devoted dog to its family, showing a great willingness to protect and care for them. It is a calm and patient dog, but also active and energetic when required. He is intelligent and obedient, which facilitates his training.
Common health problems
Some of the most common diseases in the breed are hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia and degenerative myelopathy. Other diseases that can also affect this breed are epilepsy, Von Willebrand's disease and hypothyroidism.
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