The Italian Mastiff, also known as Cane Corso, is a breed of dog of Italian origin, known for its large size, strength, loyalty and protection. This breed was developed to protect its owners, property and farms.
The dogs of the breed are large in size. The average weight of an adult Italian Mastiff is 40-50 kg for males and 35-45 kg for females. Their height varies between 64-68 centimeters for males and between 60-64 cm for females. The life expectancy of the breed is 10 to 11 years. In addition, they belong to Group 2 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molosser and Mountain dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Italian Mastiff, also known as Cane Corso, is an ancient breed of dog originating in Italy. This breed comes from the guard dogs used by the Romans for guarding, controlling and stabling livestock. These dogs were also trained for hunting large prey and for battle.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Cane Corso was very important to the Italians, mainly as a guard dog. Over the years, the Cane Corso has been used as a guard dog, watch dog, gun dog and working dog. This breed is very loyal and protective, making it ideal for home, business and livestock owners.
The Cane Corso is a dog with a very well developed muscular structure. Its body is rectangular, with a slightly elongated head and short rounded ears. The muzzle is short, the nose is broad and the tail is usually short.
The coat is generally short and thick and can be of different colors, such as black, gray, white, brindle or brown. The color of the eyes varies, they are usually dark or brown and sometimes they can also be green.
The Italian Mastiff has a balanced and courageous temperament, being a loyal and protective guardian of property, family and livestock. Its agility and responsiveness combine with an inherently protective nature, making it a reliable and safe dog. With proper breeding, socialization and training, the Italian Mastiff shows its friendliness and adaptability, making it clear why it is such a prized breed.
Common health problems
Some of the most common diseases that members of this breed can suffer from are: hip and elbow dysplasia, Addison's disease, Cushing's disease, hypothyroidism and kidney disease.
In addition to the aforementioned conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends a cardiac and ocular evaluation exam, as well as a series of tests to assess the following diseases: patellar luxation, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, dental anomaly and autoimmune thyroiditis.
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