The Native Indian Dog is an ancient breed found in several South Asian countries. Their square structure and pointed muzzle, along with erect ears, are some of their distinguishing characteristics. In addition, they are highly intelligent and easy to train, making them ideal as family pets if properly socialized.
Dogs of this breed are of medium size and their weight ranges between 20 and 30 kilograms in males, and between 15 and 25 kilograms in females. The height varies between 51 and 64 centimeters in males, while females measure between 46 and 58 centimeters. The life expectancy of this breed is 10 to 13 years and they are not recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
Breed history in brief
The Native Indian Dog, also known as the Pariah Indian dog, is an ancient breed that can be traced to several South Asian countries, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka. Archaeological evidence suggests that the breed has been around for at least 4,500 years, as a skull of a Native Indian Dog dating back to 2500 BC has been discovered at the Mohenjo-Daro site in Pakistan.
Despite its long history, during the British Raj, the breed was looked down upon by traders wishing to sell foreign breeds. Today, however, the breed's popularity has increased in the West, leading to the export of hundreds of dogs outside the Indian subcontinent. It is often used as a police and guard dog due to its territorial and defensive nature.
The Native Indian Dog is a dog with a square or slightly rectangular build. Its head is wedge-shaped, with a pointed muzzle and almond-shaped, dark brown eyes. The ears are erect and pointed, and the tail curls up and rises when the dog is excited.
The breed's coat is short and double, with a thick outer coat and a silky undercoat. It usually has a dark to reddish-brown coat, with or without white markings. Solid black, shaded coats, brindle, solid white and Dalmatian-type markings are never seen in pure populations and may be a sign of admixture with modern breeds.
The Native Indian Dog is a sociable, intelligent and trainable breed. However, it is essential to socialize them from a very early age so that they adapt to family life and, especially, to dealing with children.
Common health problems
Information on the most common diseases of the Native Indian Dog is very limited, they have very few health problems and thrive with minimal care. Even so, it is essential to schedule regular veterinary checkups and maintain a healthy diet and exercise routine to keep them healthy and happy.
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