German Spitz

The German Spitz is a breed of small to medium-sized dog known for its fluffy coat, distinctive foxy face and alert, lively personality. Originating in Germany, this versatile and adaptable breed is common in five size and color varieties.

General details

The German Spitz is a breed of dog that comes in five size varieties. According to the FCI, the largest variety, the Keeshond, has a height of 43-55 cm at the withers and a weight of 18-25 kg. The smallest variety, the Pomeranian, has a height of 18-22 cm and a weight of 1.5-3 kg. As for the average life expectancy, it is estimated that the German Spitz can live between 12 and 16 years. This dog breed belongs to Group 5 of Spitz and primitive type dogs, according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

Breed history in brief

The history of the German Spitz dates back to the ancient Nordic culture, where they were used for herding, hunting and protection. These dogs were brought to Europe and selectively bred, giving rise to several varieties, each with its own distinctive characteristics. In the 19th century, the German Spitz became popular as a companion dog at the German imperial court, which contributed to its spread throughout the world. During World War II, the popularity of this breed declined due to its association with Nazi Germany. However, after the war, interest in the breed was revived and breeding resumed in different parts of the world. Today, the German Spitz has become a popular pet and companion in many countries. Although they are still used in some areas for herding and hunting purposes, their main role is as a companion dog.

Breed characteristics

The German Spitz is a breed of dog that comes in five varieties of size and color. All types of German Spitz have erect ears, a furry tail carried over the back and a fox-like face with an alert, lively expression. They have a compact, muscular body with short, strong legs that give them a robust appearance. The coat is thick and fluffy, with a smooth outer coat and a dense, soft undercoat. Colors can range from white, black, brown, gray, orange and cream. The German Spitz is a canine breed with an energetic, intelligent and loyal temperament. They are active and playful dogs, always ready to participate in activities and exercises. They are very protective of their family and territory. Although they can be reserved with strangers, they are affectionate with their owners and get along well with children and other animals if they have been properly socialized from puppyhood.

Common health problems

As with any breed of dog, German Spitz can be predisposed to certain diseases. Some of the most common diseases that can affect this breed include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, von Willebrand's disease, progressive retinal atrophy and cataract.

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