German Shepherd Dog

The German Shepherd is an intelligent, loyal and versatile breed of dog, originally from Germany. Physically, they are characterized by their double black coat with brown spots. In addition, they are known for their ability to perform a variety of tasks from herding to family companionship.

General details

Male German Shepherds usually weigh between 30 and 40 kg, while females usually weigh between 22 and 32 kg. The height at the withers of males varies between 60 and 65 cm, while females usually measure between 55 and 60 cm. The average life expectancy is approximately 10-12 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the German Shepherd belongs to Group 1, which includes Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).

Breed history in brief

The German Shepherd was developed in Germany in the late 19th century by Max von Stephanitz, a former cavalry captain who wanted to create a highly functional and versatile working breed of dog for herding sheep. Von Stephanitz selected and crossed different breeds of local sheepdogs, looking for dogs that had exceptional working abilities, intelligence and a strong, balanced constitution. Throughout the 20th century, the popularity of the German Shepherd grew rapidly, and the breed began to be used in roles other than herding, such as police, military, search and rescue, and as guide dogs for the visually impaired, roles in which dogs of this breed continue to participate today.

Breed characteristics

The German Shepherd is a medium sized dog breed with an athletic build. Its head is wedge-shaped with almond-shaped eyes, medium size and dark color. Its ears are erect, pointed and medium-sized. The tail is of moderate length and, at rest, is usually carried hanging with a slight curve, while, in moments of excitement, it rises without exceeding the topline. The coat is double-coated and may be short or of medium length. The most common colors in this breed include black with reddish brown, brown and yellow markings and even light gray. They are characterized by their intelligence, loyalty, versatility and working abilities, making them suitable for a wide range of tasks, such as herding, search and rescue, and service to people with disabilities, as well as being excellent companion and family protection dogs.

Common health problems

The German Shepherd, with optimal care and attention, can live a long healthy life, although it is predisposed to certain health problems. Among the most common diseases or disorders are hip and elbow dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy, inflammatory bowel disease, allergies and panosteitis.

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