French Spaniel

The French Spaniel is a breed of dog that originated in the Middle Ages and was bred for hunting. Physically, its large oval brown eyes are remarkable and reflect gentleness and intelligence. In addition, this breed is known for its calm, docile and affectionate temperament.

General details

The breed has a medium size with an athletic and elegant appearance. Its weight varies between 23 and 27 kilograms, while its height ranges between 54 and 61 centimeters. Generally, this breed has a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. They are classified within Group 7 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), along with other pointers.

Breed history in brief

The French Spaniel is a breed of dog that originated in France during the Middle Ages. It is considered the ancestor of the different varieties of hunting Spaniels and descends from the retrievers described by Gaston Febus. However, it was not until the end of the 19th century that a standard was established, which has been adapted and modified throughout the different evolutions of the breed. The main use of this breed was hunting a variety of prey, including birds and small mammals. Today, although still used as a hunting dog, it is also a loyal and affectionate family companion.

Breed characteristics

Dogs of this breed have a muscular and balanced structure, with a body 2 to 3 centimeters longer than tall. The head is of medium size, with large oval brown eyes. The ears are pendulous and reach the nose. The tail is also pendulous and gradually tapers to the tip, which curves upward. The coat of the French Spaniel is long and wavy on the limbs, tail and ears, while on the head the hair is short and fine. The rest of the body has a smooth, silky and dense coat. The typical coloration of the breed is white and brown with irregular patches, including mottling or roan. The shade of brown can vary from cinnamon to dark liver. In terms of temperament, the French Spaniel stands out as a calm, sweet and affectionate breed. Their balanced temperament makes them docile and obedient, which facilitates their training. They are very versatile dogs and adaptable to different environments, and also maintain a good relationship with children and other pets. However, it is important to provide them with regular exercise and mental stimulation to avoid undesired behaviors.

Common health problems

The French Spaniel, with optimal care and attention, can enjoy a long healthy life, although it is predisposed to certain health problems. Among the most common diseases or disorders are factor II deficiency, cataracts, entropion, hemivertebrae, hemophilia A and B, Von Willebrand's disease, distichiasis, cleft palate and cleft lip. In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends screening for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy and acral mutilation syndrome.

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