The Entlebuch Cattle Dog is a medium-sized dog breed originating in Switzerland. It was originally bred to herd cattle in the Swiss Alps, and is noted for its tri-colored coat and robust muscular build. In addition to being an excellent working dog, it is loyal and affectionate to its owners.
Dogs of the breed are medium and compact in size, with males weighing between 23 and 29 kilograms and females weighing between 18 and 25 kilograms. Height varies between 43 and 53 centimeters in males and between 40 and 51 centimeters in females. They have a life expectancy of 11 to 13 years, and belong to Group 2 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossers and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Breed history in brief
The history of the breed dates back to the Swiss Alps, where it was bred to drive cows from one pasture to another. In addition, it also acted as a guard dog charged with protecting livestock and guarding the home. The first description found of the Entlebuch Cattle Dog dates from 1889. It is the smallest of the four breeds of Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
In the 20th century, the breed faced challenges such as population decline, however, some dedicated breeders managed to promote and preserve the breed, and it has since gained popularity as a working dog and family companion. In 2011, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), helping to cement its place in the canine world.
The Entlebuch Cattle Dog is a dog breed with a compact, muscular, slightly elongated body. Their small, rounded eyes vary in color from dark brown to hazel; and their ears are triangular and usually hang flat, except when the dog is alert, which are slightly raised at the base. They may have a short tail or a natural long tail that hangs in line with the croup.
The coat is double, with a dense undercoat and a short, compact, harsh and glossy outer coat. Its color pattern is tricolor. The base color is black, combined with tan markings, ranging from yellow to reddish-brown, and symmetrical white patches. White markings are located on the muzzle, throat, chest and feet.
The breed is known for its protective instinct and devotion to its owners. They are intelligent, self-confident and bold dogs. They are also energetic and require a lot of exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. They can be wary of strangers, but are generally affectionate and dependent on their family members. It is a breed that requires a firm owner.
Common health problems
Entlebuch's Cattle Dogs are characterized by good health. However, they are prone to develop certain disorders or pathologies such as umbilical hernia, cleft palate, cataracts, corneal dystrophy, diabetes mellitus, entropion, patellar luxation and retinal dysplasia.
In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends an eye screening examination, along with a test to assess diseases such as hip dysplasia, patellar luxation and progressive retinal atrophy.
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