Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a powerful breed originating from France where it was bred primarily for big game hunting. One of the characteristic features of the breed is its head covered with wrinkles, which gives it a distinctive appearance.

General details

Dogs of the breed are of medium size and powerful appearance. Males usually weigh more than 50 kilograms, while females weigh around 45 kilograms. The height in males is 59 centimeters, while in females it ranges from 58 to 66 centimeters. Unfortunately, its life expectancy is relatively short compared to other breeds, ranging between 5 and 8 years. It belongs to Group 2 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molossers, and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Dogue de Bordeaux breed has a long and rich history that began in ancient Rome in the 12th century. They are believed to be descendants of the Alano. At that time, they were mainly used as hunting dogs, helping to track and catch large animals such as wild boars. They were also used for guarding houses and livestock, dog fighting and in the service of butchers. The French Revolution and the two World Wars caused the near extinction of the breed, however, some dedicated breeders managed to avoid it and preserved the breed, which was officially recognized by the French Kennel Club in 1926. At the end of the 20th century, the breed gained popularity outside France and was introduced in other parts of the world such as the United States. Today, the Dogue de Bordeaux remains a popular breed, known for its loyalty, protective nature and distinctive appearance.

Breed characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a very strong breed of dog with a muscular but balanced body. Its head is short, bulky and wrinkled. The teeth, especially the canines, are strong and the tail is low and never curved or curled. The eyes are oval and can vary in color from hazel to dark brown, while the ears are relatively small and drooping, but not pendulous. The coat is short and smooth in texture. Coat coloration includes all shades of fawn (from mahogany to pale fawn) and in addition, white patches may appear. The breed usually has a black or brown mask. The breed is known for its calm, courageous and loyal temperament. They are also known to be affectionate with their family members and have a strong protective instinct, making them excellent watchdogs. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, so early socialization and obedience training are important.

Common health problems

The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) of OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) recommends, for the Dogue de Bordeaux breed, a cardiac (basic, congenital or advanced) and ocular evaluation, as well as a study to assess the following diseases: elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, autoimmune thyroiditis and patellar luxation.

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