Continental Toy Spaniel

The Dwarf Continental Spaniel, also known as Papillon, is a small, elegant dog breed with a distinctive brightly colored coat and butterfly-shaped ears. It is a friendly and active breed, ideal for households with children or elderly people.

General details

The Dwarf Continental Spaniel is a small dog breed. Their weight varies between 1.8 and 4.5 kg, their height ranges between 20 and 28 cm and their average life expectancy is 12 to 16 years. They belong to Group 9 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups companion dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Dwarf Continental Spaniel, also known as the Papillon, is a small, elegant breed of dog believed to have originated in France in the 16th century. The breed became popular at the French court and among European nobility in the 17th and 18th centuries, and was used for hunting small prey as well as for companionship. The breed has maintained its popularity as a companion dog and has spread throughout the world. Today, the breed is known for its elegance, intelligence and friendly personality, and is a popular pet in many homes. The exact history of the breed is difficult to trace due to a lack of written records, but it is believed to have developed in the region of France and Belgium. Over the centuries, the breed has evolved in size and appearance, and it was during the 18th century that the Papillon type, with its characteristic butterfly ears, was developed.

Breed characteristics

The Dwarf Continental Spaniel is a small and elegant dog breed. It is characterized by large, hairy ears that resemble the wings of a butterfly, which gives it its French name. The eyes are large, expressive and dark in color. Its coat is fine, silky and long, in white, black, brown, red and tricolor. The temperament of the Dwarf Continental Spaniel is intelligent, affectionate, energetic and sociable. They are loyal and affectionate companions who enjoy interaction with their owners and are able to adapt to a variety of environments. Their alert and courageous nature makes them excellent companion dogs as well as reliable watchdogs.

Common health problems

The Dwarf Continental Spaniel breed is prone to various diseases, including patellar luxation, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, acataracts, corneal dystrophy and skin allergies.

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