The Clumber Spaniel is a British dog breed known for its friendly and calm personality, as well as its ability to track and retrieve prey. It is a hardy and strong hunting dog that can easily adapt to family life. Physically, it is noted for its short, strong limbs.
The Clumber Spaniel is a medium-sized breed that can weigh between 25 and 39 kg and measure between 43 and 51 cm in height at the withers. They have an average life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. According to the FCI, they belong to Group 8 of hunting retrievers, hunting hounds and water dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Clumber Spaniel is a breed of dog of English origin that was developed in the 18th century by the Duke of Newcastle as a hunting dog specialized in game birds. For centuries, this breed was used to hunt pheasants and partridges on the hunting grounds of the British nobility. As hunting with dogs became less popular, the Clumber Spaniel became a faithful companion and a popular show dog. Despite being a lesser known breed than other hunting dog breeds, the Clumber Spaniel remains a popular choice for pet owners and has maintained its status as a hunting dog in some countries.
Today, the Clumber Spaniel remains a breed prized for its intelligence, loyalty and calmness. In addition, its gentle and affectionate nature makes it an excellent family companion.
The Clumber Spaniel is a robust-bodied breed. Their head is large and square, with long, drooping ears. They have short, strong legs, with a thick, bushy tail.
Their coat is dense and soft, white with yellow or orange patches on the head and body.
The Clumber Spaniel's temperament is characterized by stoicism, generosity, intelligence, determined attitude and working abilities. They are steady, reliable and affectionate dogs, although they can be reserved with strangers. They do not usually show aggressive tendencies.
Common health problems
Clumber Spaniels are prone to certain genetic diseases and health conditions common in large, heavy breed dogs. Some of the more common diseases that can affect Clumber Spaniels include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, von Willebrand's disease, hypothyroidism, osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) and eye problems such as entropion, ectropion and cataracts.
In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends a pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase 1 (PDP1) screening test.
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