Caucasian Shepherd

The Caucasian Shepherd, also known as the Caucasian Ovcharka, is a large, strong and courageous breed of dog native to the Caucasus Mountains. This breed is believed to have been bred by shepherds to guard livestock and their owners' homes.

General details

The breed has a medium size, weighing between 40 and 70 kilograms, and a height that varies between 60 and 70 centimeters. Its life expectancy is 10 to 12 years. The Caucasian Shepherd belongs to Group 2 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molossers, mountain dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Caucasian Shepherd is an ancient breed of dog whose origin dates back to the mountainous region of the Caucasus, on the border between Europe and Asia. This breed has been used as a shepherd dog for hundreds of years, with the purpose of guarding livestock and protecting flocks from predators. This breed is known for its large size, strength and great endurance, as well as its ability to work for hours without rest. Although Caucasian Shepherds developed and evolved in the Caucasus region, they were eventually exported to other countries, especially Western European countries. This allowed this breed to expand and become increasingly popular throughout the world. Today, Caucasian Shepherds are still used as shepherd dogs to protect and guard livestock, although they have also become popular pets. Caucasian Shepherds are one of the most popular dog breeds in the world.

Breed characteristics

Its appearance is robust and muscular. Its body is strong and its tail curls over its back. The Caucasian Shepherd has a large head with a prominent muzzle, a broad nose and short, rounded ears. Its eyes are yellow or brown with an alert and attentive expression. The coat is thick and soft to the touch, with a dense undercoat to protect them from the cold and weather. It can have a variety of colors, such as white, gray, black and brown. This breed of dog is known for its intelligence, loyalty, courage and endurance. They are very loyal to their family and have a great protective instinct. They are very resistant to both cold and heat, which makes them ideal for living in extreme climates. Despite their imposing appearance, they are affectionate and loving with their family.

Common health problems

The OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends a cardiac, ocular and dental screening examination, as well as a series of tests to assess the following diseases: hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy and patellar luxation.

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