The Canadian Eskimo Dog is an ancient breed, native to the Arctic, known for its ability to work and hunt. This noble breed has become one of the best family companions, with a friendly, loyal and protective character.
It is a medium sized dog breed, with a height between 50 and 60 cm. and a weight between 23 and 40 kg, being heavier in males. The life expectancy of the Canadian Eskimo Dog is 12 to 14 years. The breed belongs to Group 5 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups Spitz and primitive type dogs.
Breed history in brief
This breed was originally developed and bred by the Eskimos living in the Arctic to help them hunt and transport their supplies. These dogs were physically hardy and had a great ability to track animals over long distances. This endurance is due to the breed's adaptation to the Arctic climate, where the dogs have evolved to withstand extremely low temperatures.
These dogs were useful for carrying heavy equipment, hunting and guiding Eskimos across the tundra. In addition, they were very good at detecting predators, which made them a vital part of Eskimo survival. This breed is also very popular among sledding sports enthusiasts, as this breed of dog is especially hardy over long distances.
It is a medium-sized dog breed, robust in appearance, with an athletic and agile constitution. They are dogs of lively expression, with large ears and fan-shaped tail.
They have a dense and soft coat, with a thick undercoat of short hair to provide thermal insulation. The most common coat colors are white, black, gray, brown, red and silver, although there are also some specimens with a mixture of these colors.
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a friendly, intelligent and energetic companion. They are loyal and devoted dogs that enjoy the company of their owners, require regular exercise and can be protective without being aggressive. Their balanced temperament makes them excellent companions for those looking for an active and loving dog.
Common health problems
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is characterized by good health. However, they are prone to develop certain disorders or pathologies such as progressive retinal atrophy, dilated cardiomyopathy, von Willebrand's disease, hip dysplasia, cataracts and muscular dystrophy.
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