Canaan Dog

The Canaan Dog is a medium-sized breed originating in Israel, known for its reliability, loyalty and energy. Its coat is short and rough, presenting a variety of colors.

General details

Dogs of this breed are of medium size, with an average height between 50 and 60 centimeters, as well as a weight that varies between 18 and 25 kilograms, with males being larger than females. The life expectancy of this breed is 12 to 14 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), this breed belongs to Group 5, which includes Spitz and Primitive type dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Canaan Dog is a breed of dog originally from the Middle East. This dog breed was first described in the early 20th century, when Israeli breeders discovered a small, ancient population of dogs in the Negev desert. These dogs had a unique appearance, with a compact build and a black and white coat. The breeders named them the Canaan Dog, after the ancient kingdom of Canaan, which spanned the biblical territories. Over the centuries, this breed of dog has been used by Israeli farmers to guard their flocks and also as a companion dog. It is a very intelligent and loyal dog breed, and has been an important part of Israeli culture throughout the years.

Breed characteristics

The Canaan Dog is a breed of strong build and athletic appearance. Its body is relatively long, with a triangular head and a short, broad muzzle. Its ears are medium-sized, triangular and end in a point. Its eyes are large, expressive and amber in color. Its coat is double, resistant and with a good undercoat. The outer coat is silky, with a medium texture and a slight wave. The characteristic colors of this breed are copper, white, gray, black and brown. The Canaan Dog exhibits a watchful attitude and quick response due to its alert nature. Although it is distrustful of strangers, it is not aggressive by nature and has a strong defensive instinct. This breed is distinguished by being loyal and easy to train, and is also noted for its ability to remain alert to both humans and other animals.

Common health problems

Among the diseases that can most commonly affect this breed of dog we can find cystinuria, hepatic portosystemic shunt, inguinal hernia, cataracts, cerebellar hypoplasia, craniomandibular osteopathy, glaucoma, globoid cell leukodystrophy, hemophilia A and B, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, idiopathic epilepsy, lens luxation, progressive retinal atrophy and von Willebrand's disease. In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends an eye screening exam, as well as a series of tests to assess for elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation and autoimmune thyroiditis.

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