The Bullmastiff is a breed originally bred in England. They are known for their muscular build, short, dense coat and unique coloration ranging from light fawn to dark red. The affectionate and loyal nature of this breed stands out.
Bullmastiffs usually weigh between 41 and 59 kilos and measure between 61 and 69 centimeters tall at shoulder height. They have a life expectancy of 8 to 12 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), they belong to Group 2, which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molossers, mountain type dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs.
Breed history in brief
Its exact origins are not clear. In the 18th century in some regions of England, frequent crossbreeding was carried out in order to breed guard dogs. It is thought to have developed as a cross between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldog. The breed was used as a guard dog to protect large estates from poachers in the early 19th century. It quickly gained popularity and became a favorite of noble families and hunters. In 1928 it was used in South Africa to guard diamond mines.
Today, the Bullmastiff is still valued for its loyalty and protection, but is mainly used as a family companion.
The Bullmastiff has a distinctive appearance with a muscular build, a large head with a black mask and droopy ears. Their eyes are dark and expressive, and their body is square and athletic. They have a strong, muscular neck, deep chest and powerful hindquarters.
They have a short, smooth, rough and dense coat, which offers good protection against the weather. The usual colors are three shades: red, fawn and brindle.
Bullmastiffs are affectionate and loyal dogs. They are gentle giants known for their patience and tolerant nature. They are protective of their families, but are not aggressive by nature and are not easily provoked. They are trusting and friendly even with strangers. They are intelligent dogs and easy to train, but can sometimes be stubborn. They are affectionate dogs that enjoy spending time with their families and get along very well with children.
Common health problems
Like all dog breeds, the Bullmastiff is susceptible to certain health problems. Some of the most common health problems in the breed include cerebellar cortical abiotrophy, malformation or instability of the cervical vertebrae, elbow dysplasia, entropion, hip dysplasia, neuroaxonal dystrophy and retinal dysplasias.
In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends an advanced ocular and cardiac screening examination, as well as a series of tests to assess autoimmune thyroiditis and renal disease.
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