Bulldog French

The French Bulldog is a small-sized breed of dog, originally from France. They are known for their muscular, stocky build and distinctive "bat ears". They are friendly, affectionate and playful, making them popular companion pets for both families and individuals.

General details

The French Bulldog is a small breed, usually weighing between 9 and 14 kilos and measuring between 24 and 35 centimeters at shoulder height. They have a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), they belong to Group 9, which includes companion dogs.

Breed history in brief

The French Bulldog originated in France in the 19th century and was created by crossing small stature Bulldogs with Terriers. When English workers displaced by the Industrial Revolution settled in the Normandy area of France, they brought different dogs with them, including smaller than average Bulldogs. They became popular in France, which began importing Bulldogs from English kennels that were discarded because of their small size. Eventually they were differentiated into a separate breed. Crossbreeding with Terriers gave them their characteristic long, straight ears. They were popular dogs among the women of the wealthy classes, although within the art it was also a very appreciated species.

Breed characteristics

The French Bulldog has a distinctive appearance, with a muscular, stocky build and characteristic erect "bat ears". They have a friendly, expressive face, with a short muzzle, dark, round eyes and a black nose. Their tail, straight or curly, is usually docked. The French Bulldog has a short, fine, soft coat that requires minimal grooming. With regard to colors, the usual colors are brindle, fawn, cream and white with brindle patches. The fawn shade can range from a light to a reddish color. The French Bulldog is known to be friendly, affectionate and playful, making it a great companion pet for both families and individuals. They are sociable dogs that enjoy the company of their owners and other pets. They are also known for their intelligence and trainability, but can sometimes be stubborn. They have a lively personality and love to play and entertain, but also have a relaxed and calm demeanor.

Common health problems

Like all dog breeds, the French Bulldog is susceptible to certain health problems. Because it has had a particularly selective crossbreeding, it is a breed that is very affected by health problems. Some of these more common problems in the breed include brachycephalic syndrome, cataracts, cleft lip, entropion, hemophilia B, hip dysplasia, histiocytic ulcerative colitis, hypothyroidism and intervertebral disc disease. In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends a cardiac and ocular screening examination, as well as a series of tests to assess the following conditions: patellar luxation, autoimmune thyroiditis, elbow dysplasia and tracheal hypoplasia.

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