The Broholmer is a breed of dog originating in Denmark. This breed was developed to be used as a guard dog and to serve as an aid to hunters. Physically, its head stands out, which is broad at the top and narrows towards the jaw.
These dogs usually measure between 70 and 80 centimeters and their weight varies between 50 and 70 kg for males and 40 and 60 kg for females. Their life expectancy is approximately 12 years. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), this breed belongs to Group 2, which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molosser and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Broholmer is a large and powerful breed of dog that originated in Denmark in the 16th century. Although the exact history of the breed is unclear, it is believed that it may be the result of crossbreeding between various types of mastiff and molosser dogs that were used for hunting and protection in Denmark in medieval times.
Over the centuries, the Broholmer became a highly valued breed for its ability as a hunting and guard dog. During the 18th century, the breed became a favorite of Danish royalty and nobility, and was used as a hunting dog for big game such as elk and deer. It was also used as a guard and property protection dog. However, in the 19th century, the Broholmer's popularity began to decline, and by the 1920s, the breed was in danger of extinction. In 1974, a breed club was formed in Denmark, and breeders began working to preserve and improve the breed. Today, the Broholmer remains a relatively rare breed.
It is a very large and strong dog breed, with a characteristic appearance of a working dog. The Broholmer's head is broad at the top and tapers towards the jaw. The eyes are brown and quite prominent.
The coat is short and compact, with a dense undercoat. The usual coloration is yellow with black mask, golden red or black.
The Broholmer's temperament is characterized by its calm, good temperament and guarding abilities. It is a self-confident dog, but without showing unnecessary aggression. His emotional balance and friendly disposition make him a loyal companion and an excellent family dog.
Common health problems
The most common diseases that a Broholmer can suffer from are hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, epilepsy, Von Willebrand's disease, hereditary eye disease, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts and Graves-Basedow disease.
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