Breton Spaniel is a breed originating from France, bred for hunting. The sweet and intelligent expression of the eyes together with the upward movement of the base of the ears define the "Breton expression". In addition, the breed is known for its adaptability and balanced character.
Dogs of the breed are of medium size and elegant appearance. The weight ranges between 14 and 18 kilograms, while the height varies between 44.5 and 52 centimeters. The life expectancy of this breed is 12 to 14 years. They belong to Group 7 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups show dogs.
Breed history in brief
The Breton Spaniel, originally from France and specifically from the central region of Brittany, is considered one of the oldest spaniel type dogs, having evolved through selection and crossbreeding. It was originally bred for hunting, noted for its endurance and versatility. The breed standard was first drafted in Nantes in 1907, and in 1934 it was recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club.
Today, the Breton Spaniel is a very popular breed for both hunting and companionship, being the most numerous breed of French pointers.
The Breton Spaniel is the smallest of the show dog breeds, with a balanced and robust build, a straight topline and a slightly sloping croup. The eyes are oblique, oval and dark in color, while the ears are triangular, short and set high. The tail is carried horizontally or hanging, although some specimens may be born without it.
The coat is fine and may be smooth or slightly wavy. The hindquarters have abundant fur, with bangs that gradually diminish towards the tarsus. The upper part of the ears is covered with wavy hair. The coloration of the coat can be varied, including white and orange, black and white, white and brown, and may also have a roan coloration pattern with mottling on the nose, legs and lips. In addition, it may have tan markings, making it a tricolor dog.
The temperament of the Breton Spaniel is balanced and adapts easily to any environment. It is a sociable, intelligent and vigilant dog, and stands out for its versatility as a pointing dog, being suitable for any type of hunting and terrain. During the search for prey, it is distinguished by its movements, its keen sense of smell and its ability to explore extensively and spontaneously.
Common health problems
The Breton Spaniel, with optimal care and attention, can enjoy a long healthy life, although it is predisposed to certain health problems. Among the most common diseases or disorders are cerebellar cortical abiotrophy, cleft lip, complement deficiency, glaucoma, hip dysplasia, idiopathic epilepsy, lens luxation, progressive retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia and motor neuron disease or spinal muscular atrophy.
In addition to the above conditions, the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) recommends an eye screening examination (every year from 2-8 years of age), along with a series of tests to assess diseases such as hip dysplasia or optionally patellar luxation, elbow dysplasia or autoimmune thyroiditis.
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