American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier is a breed originating in the United States bred for various purposes such as hunting, law enforcement work, family companionship and, especially, combat. It is noted for its powerful muscular physique and strong jaw. Despite showing a certain level of aggressiveness, it is friendly with humans and especially with children.

General details

The breed has a medium size and a robust structure. Males can weigh between 16 and 27 kg, while females range between 13 and 23 kg. The height in males is between 46 and 53 cm and in females between 43 and 51 cm. Their life expectancy is 8 to 15 years and they are not recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

Breed history in brief

The history of the American Pit Bull Terrier began in the 19th century in England, where they were bred for bull and bear baiting. The breed was created by crossing the English Bulldog and several Terrier breeds, with the aim of obtaining a strong, agile and tenacious dog. In the middle of the 19th century, the breed arrived in the United States where it developed into the current American Pit Bull Terrier. The breed was bred as prey dogs for cattle and pigs, hunting, herding and family companionship. However, in the 20th century, the breed was used for tasks that masked the breed's reputation, such as illegal fighting. To this day, there is some controversy with this breed because of the negative stereotypes created. Nevertheless, it remains a popular breed and many breeders argue that with proper training, American Pit Bull Terriers can be excellent, loyal and loving companion animals.

Breed characteristics

The body of the American Pit Bull Terrier is slightly longer than tall, and the chest is deeper than wide. The head is large with a blunt wedge shape, although proportionate to the rest of the body. The ears are high set and may be cropped or natural. The tail is low, tapers as it reaches the tip and is moderately short. The coat is glossy, compact, harsh, short and smooth. With regard to coat coloration, any color, pattern or combination of colors is possible, with the exception of merle. Dogs of this breed are characterized by being extroverted and intelligent. American Pit Bull Terriers show a certain level of aggressiveness with other dogs, however, they are loyal and affectionate dogs with their families. It is considered that, with proper training and socialization, this breed can be an excellent companion animal.

Common health problems

As with other dog breeds, American Pit Bull Terriers can be prone to health problems. Some of the most common disorders and diseases are hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, allergies and hypothyroidism.

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