The American Foxhound is a breed originating in the United States bred specifically for fox hunting. This breed is known for its endurance and developed sense of smell, which makes it a dog suitable for tracking and chasing prey. One of the distinguishing characteristics of the breed is its glossy coat, available in different colors.
The breed has a medium size, with a weight ranging between 29 and 32 kilograms in males, and between 27 and 29.5 kg in females. In terms of height, males measure between 56 and 63.5 centimeters, and females between 53 and 61 cm. Their life expectancy is 11 to 13 years. The American Foxhound belongs to Group 6 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which includes hounds, tracking dogs and similar breeds.
Breed history in brief
The American Foxhound was developed in the United States in the 18th century specifically for fox hunting. It is believed to have been born from the crossing of the English Foxhound with French hounds. The breed gained popularity among wealthy plantation owners in the southern United States, who used them to hunt foxes and other animals. During the American Civil War and Revolutionary War, the American Foxhound assisted in tracking enemy troops and delivering messages.
In 1886 the American Foxhound was recognized as a distinct breed from the English Foxhound by the American Kennel Club. To this day, the breed still continues to perform hunting tasks, although it has also become an excellent companion animal for many families because of its outgoing and friendly nature.
The American Foxhound has a slightly long, strong back and a broad, somewhat arched loin. The skull is rather elongated and slightly domed at the back and bottom of the head. The eyes are large and quite wide-set, brown or hazel in color. The ears are long and reach the tip of the nose when extended, and are fine-textured, broad and rounded at the tip. The tail is high set and slightly curved, but not turned forward over the back.
The coat is hard, dense and of medium length. In addition, it is characterized by a great diversity of coloration from black, white or tan, to a combination of all three colors. Some dogs may show other coloration patterns such as spots or patches.
The breed is friendly, sociable and good-natured, getting along well with children and other domestic animals. They are dogs with a strong hunting instinct and energetic. The American Foxhound is highly hardy and fast.
Common health problems
As with other dog breeds, the American Foxhound can be susceptible to health problems. Some of the most common disorders and diseases are hip and elbow dysplasia, arthritis, patellar luxation, hypothyroidism, von Willebrand's disease, cricopharyngeal achalasia, pyometra and testicular impaction.
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