The Airedale Terrier is a medium-sized breed of dog originally from England that was bred for hunting ducks and rats. Physically, its elongated face stands out, while, temperamentally, they are dogs characterized by their intelligence, energy and affection.
The breed has a medium size and a balanced structure. Males can weigh between 20 and 23 kg, while females range between 18 and 20 kg. The height in males is between 58 and 61 cm and in females between 56 and 59 cm. Its life expectancy is 10 to 12 years. It belongs to Group 3 of the FCI, which groups Terriers.
Breed history in brief
The Airedale Terrier breed has its origins in the Aire Valley, Yorkshire (England) in the mid-19th century. The manufacturing community created the Airedale Terrier breed from breeds such as the Otterhound and terrier breeds such as the extinct Black and Tan Terrier, although the Irish Terrier and the Bedlington Terrier may also have participated. The objective of creating this breed was based on achieving a hunting dog with great versatility.
Hunting was not the only function of the Airedale Terrier, as during the First World War they served as messengers, participated in search and rescue missions, and in the detection of landmines. In the early 20th century they were recognized as a breed of their own and quickly gained popularity in the United States where they served as hunters, police dogs or companion animals. To this day, Airedale Terriers continue to act as working dogs, although they are also popular as pets among families.
Airedale Terrier is a breed with a medium to large build, with a muscular, well-proportioned body and a deep chest. The tail is usually docked, and is shown tall and erect. The head is characterized as long and rectangular with a strong, square jaw. The eyes are small, deep-set and dark, and the ears are V-shaped and fold to the sides of the head rather than to the eyes.
The coat of the Airedale Terrier is harsh, dense and of medium length. The coat is usually smooth, although it is sometimes slightly wavy if the coat is very harsh. The undercoat is softer than the outer coat, which is stiffer and stiffer. In addition, the coat is hypoallergenic, so it is not likely to cause hypersensitivity reactions in humans. The coat coloration is usually tan with black or grayish spots on the back, back of the neck and top of the tail. The ears may have a darker tan shade than the rest of the head.
Generally, dogs of the breed are striking and their appearance exudes confidence and intelligence. The Airedale Terrier is known as the "King of Terriers" because of its size, strength and versatility. It is also a loving and protective dog.
Common health problems
As with other dog breeds, the Airedale Terrier may have a certain disposition to health problems. Some of the most common disorders and diseases are hypothyroidism, cataracts, hip dysplasia, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and von Willebrand's disease.
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