The Afghan Hound is a breed of dog originating in Afghanistan that has been used for centuries to hunt birds and other small animals. It is characterized by its strength and endurance, and also by its loyalty to its owner.
The breed is of medium size, weighing between 23 and 30 kg in males, and between 20 and 26 kg in females. The height varies between 68 and 74 cm in males and between 66 and 72 cm in females. Life expectancy is 10 to 12 years. They belong to Group 10 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups the Sighthounds.
Breed history in brief
The Afghan Hound is a breed of dog with an ancient history and a unique role in modern society. This dog breed was developed in Afghanistan from crosses between ancient "mountain dogs" and Persian Hounds, around 4,000 years ago, to be used as hunting and guard dogs.
Today, the Afghan Hound is still an excellent dog breed for hunting and guarding, although they are also very popular as companion pets, due to their affectionate and loyal character. Also, these dogs offer a great deal of support, affection and companionship, making them ideal for therapeutic work.
This breed is known for its strong constitution, with a robust torso and an elongated and somewhat flattened head. The nose is large and always black. The eyes are dark and the ears are tall and elongated, and they usually carry a medium-sized tail with a curvature towards the end, which is usually carried raised.
The coat of the Afghan Hound is of two types: on the one hand, its coat may be silky and layered, and on the other hand, the coat may be rough, short and fine. The first is long and has a smooth texture, and is usually crystalline white in color, although it can also be seen in shades of brown, gray, black and white. The second type of coat is usually shorter and rougher to the touch, and usually has a white color with black or brown spots.
Personality-wise, the Afghan Hound is a loyal, affectionate and friendly dog. This breed is very intelligent, hardy and fast, and is known for its great resistance to heat. It is also a very active dog, which enjoys outdoor exercise.
Common health problems
The Afghan Hound is predisposed to several hereditary diseases and disorders, such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, von Willebrand's disease and thyroid disorders.
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