The Affenpinscher is a dog that originated in Germany and was used for years to exterminate rats and other pests. Dogs of this breed are characterized by a wrinkled face and a shaggy coat that give them a distinctive, monkey-like appearance. This breed is noted for being energetic and mischievous, but also loyal and affectionate.

General details

Dogs of this breed are small in size, weighing between 3 and 6 kilograms, and varying in height from 23 to 29 centimeters. Life expectancy is 12 to 14 years and they belong to Group 2 of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which groups Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molosser and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.

Breed history in brief

The Affenpinscher is a dwarf dog breed originating from Germany. The name of the breed comes from the words "Affe," which means monkey, and "Pinscher," which means terrier. In the 1600s, Affenpinscher dogs were developed as mousers, that is, dogs to eliminate mice and other unwanted animals from stables. Years later, they moved from the stables to the interiors of houses, where they acted as mousers but also as companion dogs during the night. In the 19th century, the Affenpinscher became a known companion dog among European aristocracy. Today, some countries still use these dogs as mousers, but it is not a common practice. The Affenpinscher is usually a beloved pet due to its lively and affectionate personality, but it is not very common.

Breed characteristics

The Affenpinscher breed is characterized by its small size but muscular body. The tail is usually docked and carried erect, but it can also be natural and slightly curled over the back during movement. The most distinctive feature of the breed is its wrinkled face, giving it a curious expression. Its head is round with dark, medium-sized eyes. The ears are pointed and erect. The breed has a thick, coarse coat that gives it a shaggy appearance. The hair on the head, eyebrows and beard is longer accentuating the breed's resemblance to the monkey. Altogether, these characteristics give the Affenpinscher a "scruffy" appearance. The coat color can be black, gray, silver, red, black and tan, or beige. Some dogs may have black masks. The Affenpinscher is known in France as the "mustachioed little devil" because of its appearance and its playful and charming attitude. It is characterized by its loyalty and affection towards its owner, and it is generally calm but can become excited when faced with a threat or attack.

Common health problems

As with other dog breeds, Affenpinschers can be prone to health problems. Some of the most common disorders and diseases are patellar luxation, cataracts, hip dysplasia, corneal dystrophy and testicular retention.

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