The Doberman Pinscher is a breed originating from Germany. They are known for their sleek, muscular physique, as well as their loyalty and intelligence. Dobermans are often used as guard dogs and police dogs, but they can also make excellent family pets.

Dettagli generali

The Doberman Pinscher is a medium to large dog breed that weighs between 35 and 45 kilos and measures between 61 and 71 cm at shoulder height. It has a life expectancy of 10 to 13 years with proper care. According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, it belongs to Group 2, which includes Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Molossers, mountain type dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs.

Breve storia della razza

The Doberman Pinscher was developed in Germany in the late 19th century by a tax collector named Louis Dobermann, who also ran the city pound. Dobermann wanted a breed that would protect him on his rounds, so he crossed several breeds, including the German Pinscher, Rottweiler and Weimaraner, to create the breed, taking advantage of the fact that he had access to many different dogs. The exact combinations of dogs were not recorded, so they have been drawn from studies and assumptions. Five years after Dobermann's death, Otto Goeller founded the National Doberman Pinscher Club and finished developing the breed. The breed was officially recognized by the FCI in 1911 and became popular in the United States after World War II, during which time the U.S. Marine Corps adopted it as an official war dog. Today, the Doberman Pinscher is often used as a guard dog, police dog and military dog, as well as a loyal and loving family pet.

Caratteristiche della razza

The Doberman Pinscher is a sleek, athletic breed with a muscular body. They have a long, narrow head with a distinctive prognathism and droopy ears that are often cropped to a point. Their eyes are dark and piercing and they often carry a docked tail. They have a short, soft coat, which is usually arranged in a single layer all over the body. The coat coloration can be black, red, blue or rust. Dobermans are known for their loyalty and protection towards their owners. They are intelligent and highly trainable, making them suitable for a variety of roles, such as police and military dogs. Due to the initial purpose of their breeding, they are dogs with a highly developed protective sense, willing and fearless, but thanks to their intelligence they are not very prone to aggression without permission from their owners. They are also affectionate and playful with their family, but can be wary of strangers.

Malattie comuni

Come tutte le razze canine, il Doberman Pinscher è soggetto ad alcuni problemi di salute. Alcuni dei problemi di salute più comuni nella razza includono la malattia di Wobbler, la cardiomiopatia dilatativa, la malattia di von Willebrand, la tiroidite autoimmune, l'ipotiroidismo e la displasia dell'anca. Oltre alle condizioni sopra citate, l'OFA (Orthopaedic Foundation for Animals) Canine Health Information Centre (CHIC) raccomanda uno screening cardiaco avanzato.

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